1. Compared with , it fell from to percent

2. The number is times as much as that of

3. It has decreased almost two and half times, compared with…

4. Everybody knows that…

5. It can be easily proved that…

6. It is true that…

7. No one can deny that

8. One thing which is equally important to the above mentioned is…

9. The chief reason is that…

10. We must recognize that…


1. X has caused substantial impact on the society and our daily life, which has been articulated(表达)in the following aspects. 参照辩论式议论文的写法。

2. A dozen of measures are supposed to take to prevent X from bringing us more harm. 参照辩论式议论文的写法。

3. Based on the above discussions, I can easily forecast that more and more people will ……..

4. It is obvious in the graph/table that the rate/number/amount of Y has undergone dramatic changes. It has gone up/grown/fallen/dropped considerably in recent years (as X varies). At the point of (接近)X1, Y reaches its peak value of …(多少).

5. What is the reason for this change? Mainly there are …(多少) reasons behind the situation reflected in the graphic/table. First of all, …(第一个原因). More importantly, …(第二个原因). Most important of all, …(第三个原因).

6. From the above discussions, we have enough reason to predict what will happen in the near future. The trend described in the graph/table will continue for quite a long time (if necessary measures are not taken括号里的使用于那些不太好的变化趋势).

7. Some people believe (argue, recognize, think) that 观点1. But other people take an opposite side. They firmly believe that 观点2. As for me, I agree to the former/latter idea.


1. Many city residents complain that it is so few buses in their city that they have to spend much more time waiting for a bus ,which is usually crowded with a large number of passengers.许多市民抱怨城市的公交车太少,以至于他们要花很长时间等一辆公交车,而车上可能已满载乘客.

2. There is no denying the fact that air pollution is an extremely serious problem :the city authorities should take strong measures to deal with it.无可否认,空气污染是一个极其严重的问题:城市当局应该采取有力措施来解决它。

3. An investigation shows that female workers tend to have a favorable attitude toward retirement.一项调查显示妇女欢迎退休.

4. A proper part-time job does not occupy student"s too much time .In fact ,it is unhealthy for them to spend all of time on their study .As an old saying goes :All work and no play makes Jack a dull boy一份适当的业余工作并不会占用学生太多的时间,事实上,把全部的时间都用到学习上并不健康,正如那句老话:只工作,不玩耍,聪明的孩子会变傻.

5. Any government which is blind to this point may pay a heavy price. 任何政府忽视这一点都将付出巨大的代价.


1. Here is one more example

2. Take … for example

3. The same is true of…

4. This offers a typical instance of…

5. We may quote a common example of…Just think of…

6. Some people think that … 有些人认为…To be frank, I can not agree with their opinion for the reasons below坦率地说,我不能同意他们的意见,理由如下。

7. For years, … has been seen as …, but things are quite different now多年来,……一直被视为……,但今天的情况有很大的不同。


1. We must recognize that…

2. There is on doubt that…

3. I am of the opinion that…

4. This can be expressed as follows;

5. To take …for an example…

6. We have reason to believe that

7. Now that we know that…

8. Among the most convincing reasons given, one should be mentioned…

9. The change in …largely results from the fact that

10. There are several causes for this significant growth in…,first …,second …,finally…

11. A number of factors could account for the development in…

12. Perhaps the primary reason is…


1. 人们普遍认为 It is commonly believed/ recognized that…

2. 社会发展的必然结果 the inevitable result of social development

3. 引起了广泛的公众关注 arouse wide public concern/ draw public attention

4. 不可否认 It is undeniable that…/ There is no denying that…

5. 热烈的讨论/ 争论 a heated discussion/ debate

6. 有争议性的问题 a controversial issue

7. 完全不同的观点 a totally different argument

8. 一些人 …而另外一些人 … Some people… while others…

9. 就我而言/ 就个人而言 As far as I am concerned, / Personally,

10. 就…达到绝对的一致 reach an absolute consensus on…

11. 有充分的理由支持 be supported by sound reasons

12. 双方的论点 argument on both sides


1. There"s no denying the fact that…毫无疑问,无可否认

2. Nothing is more important than the fact that… 没有什么比这更重要的是…

3. what"s far more important is that… 更重要的是…

4. A case in point is … 一个典型的例子是…

5. As is often the case…由于通常情况下…

6. As stated in the previous paragraph 如前段所述

7. But the problem is not so simpleTherefore 然而问题并非如此简单,所以……

8. But it"s a pity that… 但遗憾的是…

9. For all that…对于这一切…… In spite of the fact that…尽管事实……

10. Further, we hold opinion that… 此外,我们坚持认为,…

11. However , the difficulty lies in…然而,困难在于…

12. Similarly, we should pay attention to… 同样,我们要注意…


1. But I don“t think it is a very good way to solve ____For example,____Worst of all,___

2. ______is necessary and important to our country”s development and construction First,______What\"s more, _____Most important of all,______

3. There are several measures for us to adopt First, we can______

4. Confronted with______,we should take a series of effective measures to______ For one thing,______For another,______

5. It is high time that something was done about it For example _____In addition _____All these measures will certainly______

6. Why______? The first reason is that ______The second reason is ______The third is ______For all this, the main cause of ______due to ______

7. However, just like everything has both its good and bad sides, ______also has its own disadvantages, such as ______


1. A proverb says, “ You are only young once” (适用于已记住的名言)

2. It goes without saying that we cannot be young forever (适用于自编名言)

3. As far as …is concerned 就……而言

4. It goes without saying that… 不言而喻,…

5. It can be said with certainty that… 可以肯定地说……

6. As the proverb says, 正如谚语所说的,

7. It has to be noticed that… 它必须注意到,…

8. It"s generally recognized that… 它普遍认为…

9. It"s likely that … 这可能是因为…

10. It"s hardly that… 这是很难的……

11. It"s hardly too much to say that… 它几乎没有太多的说…

12. What calls for special attention is that…需要特别注意的是


1. The change in …largely results from the fact that

2. There are several causes for this significant growth in…,first …,second …,finally…

3. A number of factors could account for the development in…

4. Perhaps the primary reason is…

5. It is chiefly responsible of…

6. The reasons for…are complicated, And probably they are found in the fact…

7. Here are several possible reasons, excerpt that…

8. Somebody believes/argues/holds/insists/thinks that…

9. It is not simple to give the reason for this complicated phenomenon…

10. Different people observes it in different ways


1. 感知自然,就如同做一道写景诗的鉴赏题。只知道答题术语还不够,还需要对诗歌意境正确且深入的领悟。答题术语的获得很简单,翻翻教科书就能掌握,这就像通过科技途径去认知自然。这种途径能帮助我们更好组织答案,却不能助我们拿到满分,它充其量只是“知”,并未做到“感”。必须要领悟到诗歌的意境才是抓住了诗歌的灵魂,这如同要真正理解自然就要对自然做一番深入的感悟……

2. 初开的青春就像那骄阳下的玫瑰,娇艳欲滴;成长的青春就如同那雷雨下的芳草,坚韧无畏;枯萎的青春就像那微风下的柳枝,安逸无思。我知道你和我一样,一样喜欢在阳光下许下自己的梦想;我知道你和我一样,一样崇拜在人群中挥舞闪光的焦点;我知道你和我一样,一样愿意在泥泞中追寻不变的坚持。

3. 所谓柔软,不是毫无原则地妥协退让,更不是甘愿被世事所欺却不加反抗。我们不愿看到,心的柔软之处在现实的狂风暴雨中流血受伤,更不愿意看到柔弱的心室被刚硬的外壳蹂躏的体无完肤。所以,只是希望,柔软之余,人心中的坚硬依旧可以承担起生命之重,依旧可以在疤痕遍布之后,不改初心。

4. 每个人都想尽力过得好,开心一点,无忧无虑一点,单纯一点。无所谓温柔也无所谓倔强,一个人呆着时,听点音乐打发一下时间,悠扬的旋律缓缓围绕自己,投入整个身心去感受去体会音乐里的世界。静静的感受自己的世界,与朋友聚在一起时,跟着大家伙起哄热闹叫嚣,仿佛生命就在于这样疯狂的折腾,乐此不疲。






① 对于叙事类的文章,可以在开头把人物、时间、事件和环境交代清楚。如“A Trip to Huangshan(黄山之旅)”的开头可以是:Last month, my family went to Huangshan by train. It took us ten hours to get there. What a long and tiring journey! We were tired but the beautiful scenery excited us.

② 对于论述性的文章,可以在开头处先阐明自己的观点,接着展开进一步的论述。如“The Time and the Money (时间和金钱)” 的开头可以是:Most people say that money is more important than time. But I don"t think so. First, when money is used up, you can earn it back, but……


在描述事件或游记类的文章中,采用回忆性的开头往往更能吸引人的眼球。这种类型的开头中通常含有描述自己心情或情绪的词汇,如never forget(永远无法忘记)、remember (记得)、unforgettable(难以忘怀的)、exciting(令人激动的)、surprising(令人惊讶的)、sad (难过的`)……如“A Trip to Huangshan(黄山之旅)”的开头还以这样写:I will never forget my first trip to Huangshan. 或It was really an unforgettable experience I had.


在叙事类或论述性的文章中,都可采用疑问型开头,这样既可以吸引阅卷者的注意又容易抓住中心。如“Planting Trees(种树)”的开头可以是:Have you ever planted trees? Don"t you think planting trees is …… 再如“Traveling Abroad(出国之旅)”的开头可以是:If you have an opportunity to travel abroad, why not consider Singapore?


在有的文章,特别是叙事类的文章中,可以采用倒叙的写作手法,先写出事件的结果,再陈述过程。如“Catching Thieves (捉贼)”的开头可以这样写:I lay in bed in the hospital. I smiled at my friends even though my legs hurt. Do you want to know what happened to me? Let me tell you. It"s a ... story.



随着文章的结束,文章自然而然地结尾。如“Helping the Policeman (帮助警察)”的结尾可以是:The two children were praised by the police and they felt happy.再如“The Tortoise and the Hare(龟兔赛跑)” 的结尾可以是:When the hare got to the tree, the tortoise had already been there。


升华主题在文章的结尾可以用含义较深的话点明主题,深化主题,起到“画龙点睛”的效果。如“I Love My Hometown(我爱家乡)”的结尾可以是:I love my hometown, and I am proud of it.


这种方式的结尾虽然形式是问句,但意义却是肯定的,而且具有一定的强调作用,可引起他人的深思。如 “Learning English can give us a lot of pleasure (学英语能为我们带来许多乐趣)” 的结尾可以是:If we learn English well, we can …Don"t you think learning English is great fun?


这种方式的结尾常出现在书信或演讲稿的文体中,表示对他人的祝福或对将来的展望等。如“A Letter to the Farmers(给农民们的一封信)”的结尾可以是:I hope the farmers" life will be better and better.

另外,书信的结尾常有以下形式的祝福语:Best wishes; I wish you a merry Christmas and a happy new year; I wish you have a good time等。


范文1〖题目〗根据下列第三中学八年级(3)班学生上学方式的调查表,用英语写一篇短文。不少于70 个单词。




There are fifty students in Class 1, Grade 8 at Yuying Middle School. Every day they go to school in different ways. Fifteen students take buses because they live far from the school. Ten students walk. They think walking is good for their health and they live near the school. Twenty-five students ride their bikes to school because they like riding bikes very much and their homes are not very far from the school. No one goes to school by car

范文2〖题目〗假如你是Li Tao,请根据昨天的情况写一篇60词左右的日记。



Wednesday, October 12th,

I felt terrible yesterday morning. My mother took me to the hospital. “What"s your trouble, little boy?” the doctor asked. “I can"t stop sneezing and I have a headache. ” “When did it start?” “This morning. ” “Open your mouth and say ‘Ah’. ” My mother was worried and asked the doctor, “What"s the matter with him?” “He has a bad cold, but it"s nothing serious. ” the doctor said. Then the doctor let me take some medicine. He asked me to stay in bed and have a good rest.

I feel better after taking the medicine.


1. the number of students (boys 32, girls 28)

2. What do you think of English?

3. How do you learn English in your free time (magazines, TV, radio, etc)?

4. Your English programs (plays, songs, etc).

5. ending(结束语)


Good evening! Ladies and gentlemen,

Welcome to our class and welcome to our English Evening.

First of all, let me say a few words about our class. There are 60 students in our class. 32 of us are boys and the others are girls. Most of us like English and study hard at it. In our free time we often read English books, newspapers and magazines. Sometimes we learn English on the radio and sometimes on TV.

This evening you"ll enjoy some short plays, songs, dances and so on by our classmates.

I hope you"ll like these programs and have a good time.

Thank you!




2.游览北京的名胜古迹,观看京剧(Peking Opera), 品尝美食, 了解中国历史;





Dear Dad and Mom,

How is it going? I hope you are in good health. I enjoyed living in Beijing very much. I studied and communicated culture with Chinese students. At the weekends, I played different kinds of sports. Last week I visited many places of interest in Beijing, and I saw Peking Opera yesterday. I enjoyed delicious food here and learned a lot about Chinese history. Hope to see you soon.

Yours, Tony



1. 在我家里,每到吃晚饭的时候,就有筷子声在动来动去,这不是馋嘴,而是我们把菜夹给对方,让他吃多点好东西,这就是我家的幸福带来温馨的家庭。这个家庭生活给我感受到了家庭原来是那么的温馨。您又能感受到吗?

2. 当生命的第一声号角吹响,亲情就是那荡漾在母亲眼眶中的泪水,是那绽放在父亲脸的笑痕;当生命之舟开始摆渡时,亲情就是那拨动着清水推动小船向前的双桨,是那守候在空中为小船指航的灯塔;当生命之舟即将靠岸,亲情就是那静静的港湾,是那拥抱着你的那默默的流水。

3. 多年从前,我也算事业有成,在别人眼中我的生活让人爱慕,我多才多金,倚身上流社会,手一招不晓得有多少个“美女”簇拥身边。再回过火来看看曾经的出尘百合,九天仙女现在已被贬为普一般通的家庭主妇,身上感染了世俗的气味,曾经银白润滑的肌肤已微微变黄,眼角的鱼尾纹也浮现出来了。

4. 家,是温柔的港湾,它是由若干名成员组成的。一个巴掌拍不响,家,须要彼此独特尽力,居心经营得来的。想要有一个温馨幸福的港湾更不轻易,由于它需要有人理解去忘我付出,需要容纳谅解,还需要信赖。不然它就成不了一个温馨的港湾,最多只能算是一锅大杂烩。


1. From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusion that…通过以上讨论,我们可以得出结论…

2. The data/statistics/figures lead us to the conclusion that…通过数据我们得到的结论是,…

3. It can be concluded from the discussion that…从中我们可以得出这样的结论

4. From my point of view, it would be better if…在我看来……也许更好

5. Let"s take…to illustrate this


1. However, other people stand on a different ground. They consider it harmful to do X. They firmly point out that 反对X 的第一个理由。An example can give the details of this argument: 一个例子。

2. There is some truth in both arguments. But I think the advantages of X overweigh the disadvantages. In addition to the above-mentioned negative effects it might bring about, X also may X 的有一个坏处。

3. Many people argue that 错误观点。By saying that, they mean 对这个观点的进一步解释。An example they have presented is that 一个例子。(According to a survey performed by X on a group of Y, almost 80% of them 赞成这个错误观点或者受到这个错误观点的影响)。

4here might be some element of truth in these people’s belief. But if we consider it in depth, we will feel no reservation to conclude that 与错误观点相反的观点。There are a number of reasons behind my belief. (以下参照辩论文的议论文写法)。


1. As a result,it is not difficult to come to the conclusion that因此,我们不难得出结论……

2. As far as I am concerned that we can"t live without the Internet 就我而言,我们的生活不能没有互联网。

3. There is no doubt that the Internet is very useful for people毫无疑问互联网对人们非常有用。

4. However,we also try to use it in a right way , not waste a lot of time in it 然而,我们也应该尝试正确的方式运用它,切记不要浪费过多时间在它上面。

5. The reason why the Internet is very necessary is that it is useful 互联网很必要的原因是它很实用。