高考英语复习知识点归纳2023 快要高考了,高考的目的是选拨人才,为学生提供一次公平竞争的机会。以下是小编为大家收集的高考英语复习知识点2023范文(通用3篇),仅供参考,欢迎大家阅读。





形容词作定语修饰名词时,要放在名词的前边。但是如果形容词修饰以-thing为字尾的词语时,要放在这些词之后,例如:something nice



2)有些以-ly 结尾既为形容词,也为副词。


The Times is a daily paper. The Times is published daily.



如:the dead,the living,the rich,the poor,the blind,the hungry





1) close与closely

close意思是“近”; closely 意思是“仔细地”

He is sitting close to me. Watch him closely.

2)late 与lately

late意思是“晚”; lately 意思是“最近”

You have come too late. What have you been doing lately?






1)状态系动词:用来表示主语状态,只有be一词,例如:He is a teacher.

2)持续系动词:用来表示主语继续或保持一种状况或态度,主要有keep, rest, remain, stay, lie, stand,

例如:He always kept silent at meeting.


3)表像系动词:用来表示“看起来像”这一概念,主要有seem, appear, look,

例如:He looks tired.他看起来很累。

4)感官系动词:感官系动词主要有feel, smell, sound, taste,

例如:This kind of cloth feels very soft.

This flower smells very sweet.

5)变化系动词:这些系动词表示主语变成什么样,变化系动词有become, grow, turn, fall, get, go, come, run.

例如:He became mad after that.自那之后,他疯了。

6)终止系动词:表示主语已终止动作,主要有prove, turn out, 表达“证实”,“变成”之意,

例如:The search proved difficult.搜查证实很难。


连词是一种虚词, 它不能独立担任句子成分而只起连接词与词,短语与短语以及句与句的作用。



如:and, but, or, nor, so, therefore, yet, however, for, hence, as well as, both…and, not only…but also, either…or, neither…nor, (and)then等等。

比较so和 such

such 是形容词,修饰名词或名词词组。

so是副词,只能修饰形容词或副词。so 还可与表示数量的形容词many,few,much, little连用,形成固定搭配。

so + adj. such + a(n) + n.

so + adj. + a(n) + n. such + n. (pl.)

so + adj. + n. (pl.) such +n. (pl.)

so + adj. + n. [不可数] such +n. [不可数]

so foolish ;such a fool

so nice a flower;such a nice flower

so many/ few flowers;such nice flowers

so much/little money;such rapid progress

so many people ;such a lot of people







above在…前, about在…附近, across在…对面, after在…后面, against倚着..., along在…近旁, among在…中间, around在…周围, round在….周围, at在…处, before在...前, behind在...后, below低于..., beside在...旁边, between在...之间, by在...旁, down在...下面, from来自..., in在...里面, inside在...里面,等等。


across横越..., against对抗..., along沿着..., around绕着..., round环绕..., at朝着..., behind向…后面, etween…and…从…到...,by路过/通过..., down向…下, for向..., from从/离..., in进入..., into进入..., inside到...里面, near接近..., off脱离/除..., on向...上, out of向...外, outside向....外, over跨过..., past经过/超过..., through穿过..., to向/朝..., towards朝着..., on to到...上面, onto到...上面, up向...上, away from远离...


about大约..., after在…以后, at在… (时刻), before在…以前, by到…为止, during在…期间, for有…(之久), from从…(时)起, in在(上/下午);在(多久)以后, on在(某日), past过了…(时), since自从…(至今), through 贯穿…(期间), till直到…时, until直到…时, to到(下一时刻), ever since从那时起至今,at the beginning of在...开始时 ,at the end of在...末 , in the middle of在...当中 ,at the time of在...时


as作为/当作..., by用/由/乘坐/被..., in用…(语言), like与…一样, on骑(车)/徒(步),通过(收音机/电视机), over通过(收音机), through通过..., with用(材料),用(手/脚/耳/眼), without没有…


about关于..., except除了…, besides除了…还... for对于/就…而言, in在…(方面), of…的,有关..., on关于/有关..., to对…而言, towards针对..., with就…而言


【目的介词】 for为了..., from防止…, to为了…

【原因介词】 for因为..., with由于…, because of因为...

【比较介词】 as与…一样,like象…一样,than比...,to与…相比, unlike与…不同


1. 一周两次 twice a week

2. 两倍那么多:twice as many as ,twice bigger than ,twice the size/length/width of

3. 一、两天 a day or two ,one or two days

4. 再两周时间 anther two weeks ,two more weeks

5. many a student has a book

6. 总而言之 in a word

7. 有能力做某事情 be able to do sth.,be capable of doing

8. 怎么样 what about doing…/how about doing

9. 当…即将要做某事情 be about to do sth…when…

10. 尤其是,最重要的是 above all

11. 缺席,不在 be absent from

12. 全神贯注于某事情 be absorbed in doing sth.

13. 主观接受:accept 客观接受(接受有形,有实物的东西) receive

14. 有权利做某事情 have access to sth.

15. 意外的 by accident=by chance

16. 交通事故 the traffic accident

17. 根据 according to

18. 考虑 take sth. into account

19. 因为,由于 on account of=because of 后面跟名词,不跟句子

20. 指责某人某事情 accuse sb of sth

指控某人某事情 charge sb with sth

钦佩某人某事情admire sb for sth

责备某人某事情 scold sb for sth ,blame sb for sth , sb be to blame for sth

21. be used to do sth. 被用来做某事情

used to do 过去常常做某事情

be/get used to doing sth 习惯于做某事情

22. 达到目标 achieve the goal

23. across 穿过,和on 有关,指从上面,上方穿过, through 穿过和in有关,从里面,内部穿过

walk across the street/bridge , walk through the forests

24. 担当,充当 act as , 执行 act on

25. 采取行动 take action /take measures to do sth

26. 在某方面积极 be active in… 积极参加 take an active part in=join in

27. adapt… to…适应, adopt sth/sb 领养某人,采纳某事情

28. 总计达 add up to=in all=come to , 增加,增添美景/难度add to the beauty/difficulty


29. 除了…以外(还有…) in addition to=apart from=besides (看见also,else,other 选besides)

30. 足够的,适当的 adequate

31. 承认做某事情 admit doing sth , 否认做某事情 deny doing sth

32. 允许入内,被录取进入学校 be admitted into/to school

33. 预先,提前 in advance , ahead of time

34. 利用 take advantage of , make use of, by means of

35. advice, news , information 为不可数名词

36. 给某人忠告 give sb advice on sth , 听取某人的忠告 take one`s advice

37. affect 动词,影响 effect 名词,影响 对…有重大影响have a big effect on …

afford 动词,买得起,常跟在can,could,be able to后面

有足够的金钱做某事情 can afford sth/to do sth

38. be afraid of doing sth 害怕做某事情 ; be afraid to do sth 不敢做某事情

39. after all 毕竟,终究

40. in the morning ; on Sunday mornings

41. 以某人的年龄来说 for one`s age

42. 答应做某事情agree to do sth , 同意某人的观点agree with sb/what sb said

(气候,食物)的适合agree with the climate 对…意见一致agree on sth

43. alive 形容词,活着的,做表语,sb be alive 某人是活着的, a man alive 活着的人

catch sb alive 活捉某人

living 形容词,活着的,做定语,the living people 活着的人,

live 形容词,现场的 broadcast live 现场直播

lively 形容的,充满活力的,灵敏的

44. for all 尽管 , first of all 首先, above all 尤其重要的是, in all 总共, after all 毕竟,终究

all over the world 世界各地区, not …at all 一点也不

45. 允许某人做某事情 allow/permit doing sth , allow/permit sb doing sth ,

sb be allowed/permitted to do sth

46. 几乎不almost not=not nearly=hardly=scarcely

47. The man lives alone , but he doesn`t feel lonely.

48. 和…相处很好,进展很好 get along/on well with sb/sth

49. 颂读课文read aloud the text , 说出声音来 speak aloud


50. 除…以外别无选择have no choice but to do sth

51. 老是做某事情be always doing sth

52. 对…惊讶 be amazed at , be surprised at, be astonished at

对…满意 be pleased with , be happy with , be satisfied with

对…愤怒 be angry about/at sth, be angry with sb for sth

对…严厉 be strict with sb in sth , be hard on sb

对…担心 be worried about , be anxious about

对…感到惭愧 be shamed of sth, be shy of sth

渴望做某事情 be eager to do sth , be anxious to do sth

渴望得到某物 long for sth , hope for sth , be dying for sth , be anxious for sth

53. 修饰不可数名词: a large amount of , a great deal of , a large sum of , a little , little

修饰可数名词: a great number of , few , a few , several

两者皆可修饰:a lot of , lots of , plenty of ,the number of (…的数量)

54. 每年的,年刊annual

55. 一个接一个one after another

56. 接电话answer the call , 回信 answer the letter/reply to the letter/write to sb

对…负责answer for =be responsible for

57. 任何的一家书店 any bookstore

58. anyway 无论怎么样 anyhow 不管怎么说

59. 为某事情向某人道歉 apologize to sb for sth

60. 吸引appeal to sb = attract sb =sth catch one`s eye

61. appear to do sth , appear to be doing sth , appear to have done sth

It seems/seemed that… There seems/seemed to be…

62. 从外表判断judge from /by one’s appearance

63. 向某人申请… apply to sb for sth , 把…应用于/涂在…上apply…to…

64. 欣赏/感激做某事情appreciate doing sth , 如果…我会不胜感激 I would appreciate it if…

65. 和某人就某事情争吵 argue with sb about sth

66. look around 环顾, show sb around 带领某人参观

67. 安排某人做某事情 arrange for sb to do sth

68. arrive at +小地点(airport) , arrive in +大地点(Shanghai), arrive home, arrive late

69. 一件工艺品a work of art

70. 假花artificial flower , 假牙false teeth

71. as he is a teacher =teacher as he is, as he is young=young as he is (as解释为虽然=though)

as he grows up 随着年龄的长大 , as we all know 众所周知

as+形容词+as 和…一样 ,not so+形容词+as 和…不一样

as far as I know 就我所知 ,as long as 只要

as well as 也

72. ask after sb 问候某人 , ask for sb 请求某人 , ask for help 请求帮忙

73. fall asleep 入睡 , go to bed 上床睡觉 , go to sleep 入眠 , feel sleepy 感觉瞌睡的

74. 把…和…联想在一起be associated with sth

75. 我向你保证…I assure you that … , assure sb of sth 向某人保证…

76. 心脏病heart attack

77. 企图做某事情 make an attempt to do sth

78. 出席典礼attend the ceremony ,上学attend school

79. 注意… pay attention to sth/doing sth

80. a large/small audience 一大/小批听/观众 , 500个观众 an audience of five hundred

81. 可取得的,可采用的sth is available to sb

82. average 平均的:on average normal 正常的,通常指精神,体温正常:normal temperature

ordinary 普通的,指地位普通 ordinary people , ordinary medicine

usual 惯例的,通常的 as usual, the usual time ,at the usual place

regular有规律的 regular customer

common普遍的,大家所共同拥有的 common sense , common illness

83. 试图避免做某事情try to avoid doing sth

84. 意识到be aware of = realize

85. award 动词:授予,给予报酬, 名词:奖品 award sb sth=award sth to sb

reward n./v.报答,奖赏 reward sb with sth for sth

86. 凡是指婴儿和电话用语中都用it

87. 回顾历史look back into history

88. 对…是有害的 be bad for…/be harmful to…/do harm to

89. 非常需要… need/want/require sth badly

90. 保持生态平衡keep the balance of nature

91. 禁止某人做某事情 ban sb from doing sth=forbid sb to do sth

92. 以…为基础base…on, 忙于做某事情 be busy in doing sth , 被…覆盖be covered with

93. 在海滩上on the beach , 在农场里in the farm , 在操场at the playground

在田野里in the fields ,

94. 不能忍受某人做某事情can`t bear/stand doing sth ,

不能理解某事情can`t understand doing sth

95. 牢记…bear/keep sth in mind 动动脑筋use one`s brains

96. beat sb by 3:1以3:1击败某人, the heart beat 心脏跳动 , beat times打拍子

97. not…but… 不是…而是… not because…but because不是因为…而是因为…

98. 还要很长时间…It will be a long time before +句子(用一般现在时)

不久就…It won`t be a long time before+句子(用一般现在时)

自从…以来…It is/has been 5 years since+句子(用过去时)

99. 由…开始begin with , 在…一开始at the beginning of

100. behaviour n.行为,举止 , habit n.个人习惯 , manners n.礼貌 , customs n.风俗习惯

101. 落后,落伍 fall behind , 落后于时代behind the times

102. the news , the truth , the fact , the idea后用that引导同位语从句

103. 信不信由你believe it or not , 坦率地说frankly speaking=to be frank

104. 属于 belong to (无进行时,无被动) The book belongs to me.

105. 受益,获益于benefit from / benefit sb a lot

106. 最好做某事情 had better do sth / had better not do sth

It is better to do sth / It is better not to do sth

107. not a bit=not at all 一点也不 , not a little=very非常

108. 一只眼失明be blind in one eye

109. 对…厌烦be bored with=be tired of =be fed up with

110. borrow sth from sb 从某人那里借进某物 , lend sth to sb向某人借出某物

buy sth from sb 向某人买某物, buy sth for sb为某人买了某物

111. bread and butter, when and where , knife and fork , law and order,

each man and (each) woman , every boy and (every)girl 以上词组做主语,谓语动词用单数

112. 违反法律break the law , 闯入break into , (战争,火灾的)爆发 break out

机器坏了,精神垮了break down

113. 屏住呼吸catch /hold one`s breath , 上气不接下气out of breath

114. 河上的桥the bridge over the river , 桌上的书the book on the desk

115. bring sb up 抚养某人=raise sb, sb grow up某人长大成人

116. 突然大笑burst into laughter=burst out laughing , 突然大哭burst into tears=burst out crying





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